Before 1914

1600: Birth of William Gilbert. In 1600 Gilbert describes in his book "Die Magnete" (the magnets) various bodies which, after friction, can attract light objects. he gives this power of attraction the name electricity, derived from the Greek elektron. He also builds the first electroscope which can detect electrical phenomena.
1650: Moravian scientist Comenius predicts: there will be a time in which it will be possible to talk with friends over a distance of more than 1000 miles.
1729: Englishman John Gray discovers there are conductors and non-conductors for static electricity.
1736: Birth of Frenchman Charles Augustin de Coulomb. In 1788 he formulates the law about static electricity carrying his name.
1775: Birth of Frenchman André Marie Ampère. In 1820 he uses the magnetic force for telegraphy. In 1822 he discovers the Solenoid which could be used as an artificial magnet.
1777: Birth of German Carl Friedrich Gauss. In 1832 Gauss and Weber transmit electrical power through the windings of a galvanometer. The galvanometer telegraph has been created.
1809: German Thomas von Sömmering builds an electro-chemical telegraph.
1837: The first usable morse device is ready.
1843: Morse creates his famous alphabet of dots and lines.
1851: The first telegraph cable between Dover and Calais is installed.
1857: The American Leon Scott succeeds in recording a voice, but is unable to play it back.
1860: Philip Reiss is the first to succeed in using electricity for the transfer of sound via a microphone.
1865: 17 May: International - The International Telegraph Association, now ITU, is founded.
1866: After three failed attempts, the transatlantic telegraph cable is successful.
1890: Russian engineer Popoff creates an aerial to receive atmospheric disturbances and thunderstorm. In 1894 he sends a wireless telegram from Leningrad to a war ship.
1898: Frenchman Ducretet makes a wireless connection (in foggy weather) between the Eiffel tower and the pantheon (4 km).
1899: 27 March: Europe - Gugliermo Marconi establishes a radio connection between England (Dover) and France (Wimereux).
1901: Marconi sends his first transatlantic wireless telegram over a distance of almost 4000 km.
1903: A transmitting stations is set up on the Eiffel Tower.
1903: The Belgian maritime service is the first to use wireless telegraphy on sea (aboard the Princesse Celementine on the line Oostende-Dover).
1906: 11 December: The American Fessenden succeeds in establishing a wireless telephone connection over a distance of 18 km.On Christmas eve a programme of speech and music is broadcast from a station in Brant Rock on 6000 m and with 1 kW.
1907: Start of the first commercial transatlantic connection between Ireland and America via 3650 meter.
1913: Belgian engineer Goldschmitt and his French colleague Braillard broadcast daily several hours of music and speech. This originates in the royal palace in Laken but was ended in 1914 by the German invasion.


 

1914