The Netherlands

Radio in the Netherlands start on 5 November 1919 when Dutchman Steringa Izerda broadcasts on 670 meters from Den Haag (PCGG).

Radio Bloemendaal goes on the air on 15 June 1924.
Geluidsfragment Extract of Radio Bloemendaal on 1116 kHz (courtesy of Han Hardonk)    00:25, 40 kbps, 125 kB (MP3)
As of 14 May 1940 the station in Kootwijk no longer transmits newscasts for technical reasons. Newscasts are now only broadcast on 415m.
On 19 May Radio Vrij Nederland (Radio Free Netherlands) starts broadcasting via Paris-Mondial (1145-1200) and via Paris PTT (2100-2120). Announcement: "Hier is Vrij Nederland, de officiële Nederlandse radio-omroep te Parijs". After 23 days Radio Vrij Nederlands ceases broadcasting via France as the German troops are just outside Paris.
The first broadcast of Radio Oranje takes place on 28 July 1940 via the BBC on 200 kHz (1500 m - 150 kW) and 804 kHz (373 m - 70 kW). The first transmission starts with a speech of queen Wilhelmina.

On 1 December 1941 the Kootwijk long wave transmitter starts relaying the Europasender Bremen programme on 160 kHz (1875 mtr) with 120 kW. At night it relays the music programme for the German air force.

On 3 October 1944 Radio Herrijzend Nederland starts broadcasting from the Philips company in Eindhoven on 420 mtr with 1 kW. The test broadcast starts with this announcement: "Hier is 'Herrijzend Nederland', de zender op vrij vaderlandse grond, op golflengte 420 m met een proefuitzending voor alle Nederlanders inbevrijd of nog bezet gebied."
On 16 December the British soldier station BLA2 starts broadcasting via 4 transmitters in Belgium and the Netherlands. The first station to be used is Stokkel (near Brussels). ID: "You are listening to station BLA2 operating in the field by the British Liberation Army Units."
Geluidsfragment Extract of Lopik 1974 programming on 1007 kHz  00:40, 48 kbps, 232 kB (MP3) - courtesy of Herbert Meixner
On 5 January 1976 Radio Stad Amsterdam starts broadcasting on 240 meters. It will last until 31 December 1988 when it changes into Radio Noord-Holland on FM.
Geluidsfragment Extract from Dutch Avro Radio in 1976 on 1493 kHz (courtesy of Herbert Meixner)   00:17, 32 kbps, 68 kB (MP3)
In 1980 the Dutch public broadcasters make drastic changes on medium wave: in February Radio 1, the news and sports broadcaster, starts with a 600 kW MW transmitter in Flevoland. In April the new medium wave transmitters of Hilversum 1, 2, and 3 are activated.

Radio 3 leaves 675 kHz on 1 February 1993.

On 28 January 1994 at 1900utc Radio 10 Gold starts on 675 kHz. On 2 April Holland FM starts broadcasting on 1224 kHz.
Geluidsfragment Extract of Radio 10 Gold (1994) on 675 kHz  00:38, 32 kbps, 150 kB (MP3) - courtesy of Herbert Meixner
On 16 October 1995 Veronica Nieuwsradio starts broadcasting on 1395 kHz. The official broadcasts start on 1 January 1996.

On 1 January 1997 Talkradio replaces Jazz music on 1395 kHz and wants to reach higher educated people between 25 and 49 years old.

On 15 January 1998 Arrow Classic Rock starts on 828 kHz while 1224 kHz is taken by Q Radio. On 6 June Business Nieuwsradio starts on 1395 kHz.
Geluidsfragment Extract of Arrow Classic Rock on 675 kHz (courtesy of Han Hardonk)    00:10, 40 kbps, 49 kB (MP3)
On 31 August 1999, After Veronica has left 1224 kHz, Q The Beat returns with a power of 50 kW.

On 21 February 2000 Radio Nationaal starts test transmissions on 1332 kHz with exclusively Dutch music. The official broadcasts start on 5 May. On 31 August 1584 The Bells changes into Radio Paradijs. On 5 October Radio 5 becomes Radio747AM.
Geluidsfragment Extract of Radio Paradijs on 1584 kHz (courtesy of Han Hardonk)    00:13, 40 kbps, 64 kB (MP3)
On 7 February 2001 Radio Paradijs ceases on 1584 kHz. On 1 March Radio 1 and Radio 5 exchange frequencies: Radio 1 goes to 1008 and 891 kHz while Radio 5 uses 747 and 1215 kHz.
On 3 April Radio Nationaal ceases broadcasting on 1035 and 1332 kHz. The station will start testing via the UK on 1296 kHz as of 26 June. These broadcasts cease on 1 November 2002.
1332 kHz will host Radio 192 as of 4 July 2001.
On 1 July Radio Nationaal starts broadcasting via Orfordness 1296 kHz in the UK.
Geluidsfragment Start of Radio Nationaal (courtesy of Hugo Matten)  02:23, 16 kbps, 282 kB (MP3)
On 7 June 2003 Radio 10 starts broadcasting on 1395 kHz. The station changes its name into Radio 10 Gold on 1 December.
On 24 November Haagstad Radio starts broadcasting on 1485 kHz with 100 watt.

On 6 January 2004 Radio Paradijs ends it test transmissions on 828 kHz. On 21 January Radio 10 Gold increases its broadcasting hours via 1395 kHz from 14 to 21 hours a day.

On 27 March 2005 Radio Nederland ceases its relay via Wolvertem in Belgium (1512 kHz) and starts relaying via Sölvesborg in Sweden (1179 kHz). On 31 October the Dutch World Service ceases broadcasts on both 1296 (UK) and 1179 kHz.
On 12 May Radio Waddenzee starts broadcasting with test transmissions on 1602 kHz.
Geluidsfragment Extract of Radio Waddenzee on 1602 kHz (courtesy of Han Hardonk)    00:33, 32 kbps, 129 kB (MP3)

On 2 May 2007 Radio 10 drops power on 1008 kHz from 400 to 200 kW as owner Talpa wants to reduce costs as much as possible. On 31 August the station broadcast its last programme on medium wave. The frequency is taken over by religeous broadcaster GrootNieuwsradio.
    A QSL from GrootNieuwsRadio on 1008 kHz  (courtesy of Peter Vaegler) 66 kB (jpg)

Other sound clips & images

Geluidsfragment Listen to the start of an AVRO programme in 1936   00:20, 16 kbps, 39 kB (MP3)
Geluidsfragment Extract of Hotradio Plus on 1334 kHz (courtesy of Han Hardonk)    00:51, 59 kbps, 371 kB (MP3)
Geluidsfragment Extract of Radio 538 on 891 kHz (courtesy of Han Hardonk)    00:42, 59 kbps, 205 kB (MP3)
Geluidsfragment Extract of Radio Maria on 675 kHz (courtesy of Han Hardonk)    00:30, 62 kbps, 241 kB (MP3)
    A 1969 QSL  from NRU Hilversum 1 on 746 kHz  (courtesy of Peter Vaegler) 128 kB (jpg)
    A 1970 QSL  from NRU Hilversum 2 on 1007 kHz  (courtesy of Peter Vaegler) 118 kB (jpg)
    A 2009 QSL letter from Radio 538  (courtesy of Peter Vaegler) 29 kB (jpg)
    A 2010 QSL  from Transportradio  (courtesy of Peter Vaegler) 41 kB (jpg)