Link to Radio Heritage Foundation - radioheritage.net

The Co-operative Global Radio Memories Project



RNZI Mailbox
Radio Sunshine AM & FM Niue

Flag of Niue

Flag of Niue © www.gov.nu

Today, we’re going 2,500 kilometers north of Auckland to the Savage Island, the Rock of Polynesia, or as it's more widely known... Niue.

Flag of Niue

Map of Niue and its villages
© www.internetniue.nu

It's just 21 kilometers long by 18 kilometers wide, has a small population of less than two thousand people, and is internally independent in free association with New Zealand, who annexed it in 1901.

The island lies in the main South Pacific cyclone belt, and the story of Radio Sunshine is closely tied to the danger of these horror storms.

Niue cyclone

Height of Cyclone Heta along the round the island circle road
© www.emergency.co.nz

If you live on Niue, those are the cyclone alert levels you hear broadcast over Radio Sunshine. According to one of the first local broadcasters, Sione Jacobsen, cyclones are the sole reason the station was built, a cheap and effective way of keeping local people informed during a big blow.

As Sione tells it, the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation made up a list of recommended studio equipment, and drew up a daily program format to suit local tastes.

Avatele Church

Avatele Church is symbolic of the strong Christian faith found on Niue
© www.radionz.co.nz

All was ready in the small studio. A half Gates mixer, two AKG microphones, a receiver rescued from a Japanese fishing boat that had run aground, one reel-to-reel tape and a clock that lost three minutes every day.

Someone forgot to buy a transmitter though, so the local Telecommunications Department had to lend theirs, and because they had priority, the program of ZK2ZN was often just dead air as the transmitter was used to broadcast more important messages.

Coconut Stop

Coconut Stop in a local village © www.niueisland.com

Back in 1967, someone else also realized that there were practically no radios on the island with which to hear the station, so a deal was done with National Radio of Japan, and several hundred transistor radios arrived to be sold at the wholesale price of $10 kiwi each. Sales soon dropped away because if your neighbor had a radio, it was on full blast, and you could save money by listening to his set. It was the only station on the island anyway.

Alofi street scene

Alofi street scene © www.rocketsystems.nu

From the start, Radio Sunshine has had to struggle for resources. The first transmitter of 200 watts broadcast on 550 kilocycles from a tiny 2 by 2.4m studio and it wasn't for five years before things began to look up.

Radio New Zealand built a new 200 feet tower, installed a new 250 watts transmitter and moved the station into a building with both an on-air studio and a production studio that could now fit five people. The air conditioning unit was a gift of the Dutch government, along with the Alice mixer with eight inputs.

Niue studios

Radio Sunshine and the local TV station share studios
© www.snipnews.com

The slick station jingles from today are a long way from those early days. Sione Jacobsen says that by the end of the 1970's, ZK2ZN had moved along the AM dial to 837 kilohertz, but the equipment had also moved along in age, and everyone was waiting for over four years for an Australian Aid package to move in.

Radio Sunshine mainly broadcast music in the early 1980's, along with news from Radio New Zealand International and Radio Australia. Some talk programs were recorded for later broadcast says Sione, who remembers the station was on air for 8 hours daily with a breakfast show, and lunchtime and evening programs.

Niue signpost

You're never far from another village on Niue
© www.niueisland.com

In 1984, a final move along the AM dial brought Radio Sunshine to 594 kilohertz. At this time, the last DJ out of the studio would switch the radio over to a station in American Samoa that was relayed through the night remembers Patrick Lino the General Manager of Radio Sunshine.

In the early 1990's, the old AM equipment was replaced with FM, and over 25 years of faithful service from two low powered medium wave transmitters which could sometimes be heard as far away as New Zealand came to an end.

Alofi destruction

Complete destruction around the main center, Alofi © www.nyc.nu

Cyclones were the reason for Radio Sunshine, and in January 2004, the island was stunned by the tsunami style waves that swept all before them as Cyclone Hetta struck. Radio Sunshine kept broadcasting as the winds got stronger, but, in the end, had to close down as the eye of the cyclone passed overhead and it was too dangerous to remain on air.

Wrecked cars

Wrecked cars among the extensive damage © www.abc.net.au

From reading eyewitness accounts of the complete destruction that day, it's clear that the broadcasts of Radio Sunshine brought strength to the islanders as the bright music continued whilst the storm approached, and hope in the days following, as islanders and Pacific neighbors alike struggled to understand how a once beautiful tropical island had been transformed into what looked like a war zone.

Ruined streets

Ruined streets in Alofi © www.bbc.co.uk

Even in the aftermath of the cyclone, Radio Sunshine still struggled for resources. Funds sent from the Cook Islands helped the station recover.

And what's the future for Radio Sunshine... this small station that serves the population of a very small town – an island where most Niueans have already left to live in New Zealand.

Is it still there just to struggle for funds and warn of cyclones, or can it have a brighter future?

Tamakautoga wifi tower

Tamakautoga wifi coverage tower as the internet reaches more villages
© www.rocketsystems.nu

celebrations on Niue

Recent traditional style celebrations on Niue © www.niueisland.com

This original feature was researched for the Radio Heritage Foundation and broadcast in 2005 on the Mailbox program of Radio New Zealand International:

RNZI Logo

For our free guide to current radio stations broadcasting in Niue, please use our Pacific Islands Radio Guide [available late 2015].

PAL


For a directory of shortwave, FM and AM radio stations broadcasting in Niue and other Pacific countries, we highly recommend the World Radio TV Handbook published annually since the late 1940s. The Radio Heritage Foundation is official WRTH country contributor for Niue:



An audio version of this feature is available for downloading and non-commercial and personal research use and rebroadcast without editing:

Audio download

Audio Download © Radio Heritage Foundation



Audio contains interviews with Patrick Lino, excerpts of Radio Sunshine programs and music and station ID jingles obtained exclusively for the RHF project.

Enjoy a multi-media version of this story on YouTube

^Top


Radio Heritage Foundation projects and activities connect radio, popular culture, history and heritage.

We operate as a non-profit organization where all donations and funds received go towards our costs of meeting these objectives. We are incorporated as a charitable trust in New Zealand under the Charitable Trusts Act 1957 [Registration # 1473801] and we are a registered charitable entity in New Zealand in terms of the Charities Act 2005 [Registration # CC25951].

We file an annual report including a financial report with the
New Zealand Charities Commission.
We are registered with the New Zealand Inland Revenue Department as having approved donee status for New Zealand tax residents who can claim a one-third rebate for every dollar donated to the Radio Heritage Foundation. Our New Zealand Goods & Services Tax [GST] registration number is 89-199-638.

We prefer to use environmentally sustainable goods and services where we can afford to, and we provide free community access worldwide to our collections, published research, preservation and promotion activities in a completely paper-free environment.

© Radio Heritage Foundation 2004 - 2017
Email us

Link to Freeparking