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The Co-operative Global Radio Memories Project

US$240 Donor Giveaway

US$240 in gifts available to donors
September 1 - January 31 2013
Read on to find out how to win!

Did you know that the Radio Heritage Foundation keeps radio memories safe for Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific and Asia! We also look after various radio guides you may have recently used. We're a busy bunch of volunteers!

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Radio Lollipop Sticks Around Starship

Go red for Radio Lollipop


Radio Lollipop

ON AIR: Studio volunteers for Radio Lollipop painted their studio red to raise money for the programme last year.

Kiwis are encouraged to Paint the Town Red to lend a helping hand to sick kids at Starship Hospital this month.

Radio Lollipop's annual November appeal raises money for sick children and their families in hospital. It aims to keep children positive while in hospital through its radio programmes and activities.

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Ifinity FM Invercargill Finds Flour Power

Radio station fundraiser tonight


It started with an Xbox, a mixer, a microphone, $1000 in cash, and a leased transmitter above a mate's garage.

A year later Ifinity FM director Greg Selman is moving the radio station into the old Fleming and Company flour mill on the corner of Tyne and Conon streets.

Ifinity logo

Ifinity FM Logo © Ifinity FM

A "20 For 10" concert ("20 bands for $10") at the Invercargill Working Men's Club tonight has been organised to pump more money into the project.

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Hospital Radio Timaru Finds New Home

Hospital Radio forced to shift

Hospital Radio has found a new home but is asking for community support to help it continue.

The community radio station, that has been broadcasting for 23 years and is run by 14 volunteers, must vacate its studio in the Gardens Block at Timaru Hospital after the building was deemed unsafe.

Timaru Hospital

Timaru Hospital, home of Hospital Radio 88.1/107.5 for over 20 years
© Fairfax New Zealand Limited

An engineers' report suggested the possibility of a "catastrophic collapse" in a severe earthquake.

Hospital Radio founder Ron Heney said it was a shame to move.

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FM Finds Wings, Goes Global

An ailing radio station given $300,000 a year in government funding to play exclusively Kiwi music will bow to commercial reality today and play overseas bands.

MediaWorks Radio, which operates the ailing Kiwi FM station, announced yesterday that it would play 40 per cent international music in a bid to boost audience levels.

The announcement came the day after a sold-out crowd of 17,000 packed the Wellington waterfront to see 43 New Zealand acts perform at the annual Homegrown festival.

Kiwi FM AKL logo

Kiwi FM Auckland logo

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Long Lost Radio History Images:
Radio Station KIBS Canton Island
Central Pacific 1952

Glenn Carpenter has shared this earlier photo of the station building...

KIBS Canton Island 1952

© Glenn Carpenter Collection, Radio Heritage Foundation

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CRST 104FM Tanna Island, Vanuatu

Snow White and the Seven DJs

Melanie Arnost

Once upon a time there was a radio station on Tanna Island, Vanuatu. It was without broadcasters, music, programs or funds. The only inhabitants of the station were old equipment and a lot of dust.

So it stayed until one sunny morning in May when an Australian Volunteer arrived and, equipped with a fantastic station manager and enthusiastic broadcasters, helped transform the station. CRST FM was reborn… and no longer a pumpkin!


Melanie and colleagues outside the radio station

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Long Lost Radio Image: KVZI Roi-Namur

KVZI-FM broadcast at 97.9 FM in the 1970's on Roi-Namur island, near Kwajalein, in the Marshall Islands, then part of the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands...

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Big Buzz at Big River FM in Northland

Radio interns get a buzz out of life in Dargaville


Big River FM interns

THUMBS-UP: Interns Amanda Southorn, left, Laura Barnaby, Callum Lee and Katia Goodwin give Big River FM and Dargaville the thumbs-up.

Kaipara community radio station Big River FM's latest interns give Dargaville a big thumbs-up.

The interns are fresh out of radio school in Tauranga and will spend the next three to six months keeping Kaipara folk entertained and up with the play on what's going on in the region.

Amanda Southorn from Rotorua says she loves it here.

"People warned me I was going to hate it, but I love it, it's completely different."

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ART of Radio Success at 104.4FM

Access Radio a true story of success


Taranaki Access Radio station manager Daniel Keighley

Taranaki Access Radio station manager Daniel Keighley. Photo: Yvette Batten/Fairfax NZ

Two years ago the voice of the community first wafted over our airwaves when Access Radio Taranaki began broadcasting on radio's 104.4FM frequency.

Since then the station, on which people can hear shows made by community groups, has punched well above its weight when compared with others in New Zealand.

"All of the people who have participated who work for the station feel constantly enlivened," says station manager Daniel Keighley.

"We're all looking to the future and the growth that we see happening with glee."

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Fresh FM Finds New Home With Founders

Building a community with radio


Fresh FM station manager Mike Williams

NEW PREMISES: Fresh FM station manager Mike Williams outside the new studios at Founders Heritage Park. Photo: PATRICK HAMILTON

It still smells of new paint inside Fresh FM's studios at Founders Heritage Park.

"I never want to move another radio station as long as I live," station manager Mike Williams says.

It has been a four-month process moving out of Fresh's old site at the Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology. But as soon as the staff started coming down to Founders to settle in it started to feel like home.

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Radio Southland Series Salutes Southland Songs

Southland songs to hit the airwaves


Graeme Woller and Liv McBride

ALL ORIGINALS: Graeme Woller and Liv McBride will host a "no covers" show featuring southern artists on Southland Radio. Photo: JOHN HAWKINS/Fairfax NZ

Tall poppies are more than welcome at a new radio show, The Great Southern Songbook, that launches tonight.

Far East duo Liv McBride and Graeme Woller are taking over the airwaves at Radio Southland at 8pm for an hour of "no covers" Southland music.

"It's a nice, sophisticated outlet for musicians around town to get exposure," McBride said yesterday.

"There needs to be something out there dedicated to musicians in Southland."

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Secret FM No Secret Any More

Hutt youth centre launches radio station


Secret FM

Say what! DJ Ben Bro throws his hands up in shock at hearing that Paula Bennett, Minister for Social Development and Youth Affairs, spends $40 million a day meeting the responsibilities of her portfolios. He and fellow DJ Jeremy Hurn interviewed the MP at the launch of Secret Level's radio station, Secret FM. Photo: LEE-ANNE EDWARDS

Hutt radio listeners will be hearing more from local teens with the launch of youth radio station 107.2 Secret FM.

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Kiwi Radio Hall of Fame Doreen Kelso

Doreen - queen of radio talkback


Doreen Kelso

On air: Doreen Kelso, right, conducts an interview in the 2ZB studio.

Forty years ago, the seemingly unflappable Doreen ruled Wellington airwaves on weekday afternoons with her listener-friendly Person to Person talkback show over radio 2ZB.

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Kiwi Radio Hall of Fame Geoff Sinclair 1932-2011

Talkback star Geoff Sinclair dies



GEOFF SINCLAIR: The former school teacher specialised in a folksy, warm kind of talkback that set a benchmark for decades.

Geoff Sinclair, one of the original giants of talkback radio, has died, aged 79.

The former school teacher specialised in a folksy, warm kind of talkback that set a benchmark for decades.

He had a strong voice and a great laugh and seemed to find practically anything interesting.

A distinctive looking man, he summed up his style in an autobiography entitled "You Might Be Ugly - But You're Nice!"

He grew up in Auckland's Point Chevalier in a family of 10 that included his more famous brother, historian and academic Sir Keith Sinclair. All his brothers and sisters went into education.

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ZM Wellington Celebrates 40 Years Rockin' On

Wellington ZM crew relive glory days


Wellington ZM crew

REUNITING: From left, Paul Brennan, Liz Barry, Phil O'Brien, Phil Darkins and Jimmy Stewart are ready to rock out some old 2ZM yarns.

Forty years of Wellington radio personalities will converge when a classic station's former crew come together for a long-awaited reunion.

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TRN Nelson Manager Mike McElhinney Moves

Veteran radio manager bows out


Mike McElhinney

IN TUNE: Mike McElhinney is leaving after 10 years as general manager for The Radio Network. Photo: MARTIN DE RUYTER/FAIRFAX NZ

The Radio Network Nelson general manager Mike McElhinney is leaving his post this Friday after more than 20 years in the radio industry.

He said he was going to have a well-deserved break, "and I have got a few other irons in the fire. The plan is to stay in Nelson and to put some effort into the Nelson Jazz Club."

Mr McElhinney has been the general manager for The Radio Network Nelson for 10 years.

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Kaikoura's Blue FM Sure Can Do

Bigger 'can' for Blue FM


Blue FM transmitter

Old and new: The new Blue FM transmitter site on a shelf alongside the old equipment, which sits in the beetroot can.

Never let it be said Kaikoura does not have its finger on the pulse of technology and progress.

Even Kaikoura-based radio station Blue FM is trying to keep up with the times.

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So Dope Internet Radio from South Canterbury

So Dope's online music banquet


An online radio station started by teenagers for teenagers is gaining fans in South Canterbury.

Roncalli College's Jordan Diamond, 16, and Mountainview High School's Bailey Dunnage, 15, have been running So Dope FM for the past six months.

Jordan Diamond and Bailey Dunnage

Hard at work: Jordan Diamond, left, and Bailey Dunnage in their home studios where they broadcast their online radio station, So Dope FM.

Jordan started it after his mum suggested it might be a good idea, as the region did not have a radio station for teens. Bailey joined the team three months ago and since then the pair have been broadcasting their own shows, a wide range of music and running online competitions.

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Papakowhai Rocks the USA AndHow

Papakowhai unlikely base for US indie rock station


Patrick Brennan

FOREIGN FREQUENCY: Ex-pat Texan Patrick Brennan broadcasts his radio station AndHow.FM to tens of thousands of international listeners from his home studio in Papakowhai. Photo: Andrea O'Neil

Everything may be bigger in Texas, but it's not necessarily better - which is how a popular radio station came to be on the airwaves out of Papakowhai.

AndHow.FM broadcasts to 20,000 international listeners a month online, and 12,000 people can pick up its FM signal in Titahi Bay, Plimmerton, Mana, Camborne, Papakowhai and Pauatahanui.

It's the only station in New Zealand playing what Americans call AAA music - Adult Album Alternative, or "the new, hot stuff" as AndHow.FM's owner Patrick Brennan puts it.

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Mike has The Most in Taranaki

Radio man returns to roots


Mike Dunn sales manager at The Most FM

Mike Dunn is the new sales manager at The Most FM. Photo: JONATHAN CAMERON

He may have big shoes to fill, but Mike Dunn reckons returning to his business roots in music will help.

The 45-year-old has taken over from well-known Taranaki personality Dave Haskell at the helm of the independent radio station, The Most FM.

A self-confessed music nut, Mr Dunn said the opportunity was too good to let pass.

"I'm old enough to realise you need to have fun in your workplace. I didn't want to wake up and be 60 and realise I hadn't had any fun in the last 15 years," he said of his new role.

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Arrow FM launches new generation of radio play fans

Talent cauldron bubbles
Students in awards final


Cackling crones and other Shakespearean characters were bought to life with the help of Arrow FM to make a radio show that is now a finalist in the New Zealand Radio Awards.

Arrow FM Radio Talent

RADIO TALENT: Front row from left: Kitty Riach, 10, of Solway; Lily Jones, 11, of Opaki Primary School. Middle row from left: Callum Riach, 12, and Jean Campbell, 11, of Masterton Intermediate School; Jessie Parker, 11, of Hadlow; Lily Lewis, 10, and Melissa Rolls, 10, of Lakeview School and Maggie White, 10, of Fernridge School. Back row from left: Sam Johnill of Tinui School; Judah Dabora, 11, of Hadlow and Ruby Gaffney of Opaki School. Photo: PIERS FULLER

Students of the One Day Centre for gifted Wairarapa kids got together with Arrow FM manager and noted thespian Michael Wilson last year to tackle some Shakespeare. The educational sessions evolved into creating radio plays.

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107.5Rocks Dunedin

Radio man seeks a friendly rooftop

Dave Ure

Dave Ure behind the microphone at his radio station, 107.5Rocks Dunedin. Photo by Gerard O'Brien.

From his Dunedin man-cave Dave Ure broadcasts to the world, but he needs help from a higher place so more locals can tune in to his radio station.

Frustrated at not being able to find a locally-based rock radio station, the 42-year-old decided to do the next big thing - start his own.

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Te Upoku o Te Ika Wellington Maori Radio

Capital Maori Radio Station Turns 25


The "Big kid" of Maori language radio stations is turning 25 and the party is about to start.

DJ Ranea Aperatiama

BROADCASTING LIVE: DJ Ranea Aperatiama behind the mic for Te Upoko o Te Ika 1161AM. Photo: ANDREW GORRIE/Fairfax NZ

Wellington's Te Upoko o Te Ika 1161AM, the oldest Maori radio station in the country, had its first broadcast on May 4, 1987.

A week of on-air and off-air celebrations will begin later this month...

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Feature Station 2YD Wellington Ambush

In 1937, the move from private radio to state regulated radio in New Zealand was gathering pace with the creation of a National Commercial Broadcasting Service now competing directly with the National Broadcasting Service.

The latter indulged in a well planned ambush of the opening of 2ZB [NCBS] on April 28 1937 by bringing 2YD on the air three days earlier – it was commercial in everything except commercials.

It even caught the radio press by surprise, and this is how the ‘Radio Record’ weekly reported the arrival of 2YD on 990kc the following week:

NZ 1937 2YD On Air

© Radio Record, Radio Heritage Foundation Digital Collection

Resourceful listeners were monitoring the dial however, and one was enterprising enough to secure a written confirmation of the first day of broadcast of 2YD...

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2ZB Wellington 75 Years
Early Personalities

NZ 1937 2ZB on Way

© NZ Radio Record, Radio Heritage Foundation Digital Collection

On April 28 1937, radio station 2ZB of the National Commercial Broadcasting Service began broadcasting to Wellington from atop Mt Victoria, overlooking New Zealand’s capital city. The studios were located in the Hope Gibbons Building on Dixon Street. The frequency was 1120kc on the medium wave dial...

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Art of Amateur Radio Japan
The Quartz Hill Collection

7K2BLP Moriyuki Furuya, Yokohama

7K2BLP Moriyuki Furuya, Yokohama

Quartz Hill Amateur Radio Station ZL6QH was based at an old short wave receiving station located about 30 minutes drive from central Wellington, New Zealand.

With a wide variety of aerials stretching across the hills of an exposed farm site overlooking the wild seas of Cook Strait, the site offered amateur radio operators a unique operations platform and a ZL contact eagerly sought after by thousands of amateurs around the world.

Thousands of the QSL cards received from these stations over the years have been preserved, and we're pleased to continue a new series featuring some of these cards.

Many amateur radio operators include entertaining art work on their personal QSL cards, and here are some of the cartoon style characters featuring on a selection of such cards from Japan.

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Amateur QSL Gallery
ZL2ADN Collection Radio Shacks

UA3VSX Igor A Blokhin, Vladimir, Russia

UA3VSX Igor A Blokhin, Vladimir, Russia

In the first of this new series, amateur radio stations from around the world that have worked ZL2ADN Palmerston North, New Zealand, are featured.

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Australian Radio 1922-2012
Amateur Radio DJs lead the way...

It’s around 90 years ago that the first Australian radio stations began broadcasting to a few enthusiastic early adopters of the new technology called wireless, and this is the kind of music that was popular at the time.

Australian Radio History

Australian Radio History

Hello, I'm David Ricquish in the Wellington studios of Radio New Zealand International and that was Louise Homfrey with her hit from 1927, "There's a Trick in Pickin' A Chick Chick Chicken". Louise was born in New Zealand and actually christened with the name Hinemoa... and started broadcasting in 1926 from Sydney radio station 2BL [which at that time was owned by Sydney Broadcasters Limited].

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Listening with Lizzie
British Commonwealth on the Air 1952-53
Celebrating the Diamond Jubilee
Queen Elizabeth II 1952-2012

Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II broadcasting to the British Commonwealth from the New Zealand Broadcasting Service in Auckland, Christmas 1953

Princess Elizabeth was on holiday visiting Kenya in central Africa when news broke that her father, King George VI had died, and she assumed the throne on February 6 1952. Her coronation as Queen Elizabeth II took place the following year, 1953.

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ZL6RWC Rugby World Cup Radio

Calling all radio/rugby fans


Papakura Radio Club members will be making contact with people from all around the world during the Rugby World Cup.

But they won't be meeting them face-to-face. Instead they'll be using a special call sign – ZL6RWC – from September 1 to October 31.

David Karrasch

RADIO SOUNDS: Papakura amateur radio club member David Karrasch can't wait to use the club's special world cup call sign. Photo: FIONA GOODALL

Longtime member David Karrasch is hoping they'll make contact with more than 40,000 people in that time.

"We expect to have it on air on two or three bands every day. It will be swamped."

He applied to the New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters for a call sign especially for the Rugby World Cup. The club's usual callsign is ZL1VK.

But club members won't be having lengthy banter with contacts. Most communication is just an exchange of call signs, he says.

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4IP Ipswich
'Your Local Station for Better Entertainment'

Station 4IP is owned and operated by the Ipswich Broadcasting Company Pty. Ltd. This up-to-date broadcaster was officially opened in September, 1935, and since its inception has provided high-class programmes for listeners in Ipswich and surrounding districts.

4IP listener card

4IP listener card © Cleve Costello Collection, Radio Heritage Foundation

The transmitter operates on a frequency of 1440 Kc’s with an aerial power of 200 watts. Programmes are radiated daily from 6.30 a.m. to 10.00 p.m. Broadcasting activities are handled by a competent staff, many with years of engineering, executive and writing experience, and all with good educational backgrounds.

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2QN Deniliquin
'The Riverina Station'

2QN is situated in the heart of the fertile and wealthy Riverina district of N.S.W. Its signal is heard far afield where the popularity of its programmes is reflected in the large mail which flows into the station every day.

John Pearce, 2QN

John Pearce, 2QN

Popularity of the station has been due in no small manner, to the new manager - chief announcer JOHN PEARCE who, just discharged from the R.A.A.F. took up duties with 2QN in August 1945. John has a personal touch which ensures him a large audience and makes his sessions popular. With several years of radio experience, he joined the R.A.A.F. and served as a Pilot. In that Service, he always seemed to be organising something - stage shows, broadcasts and even, we believe, smoke parties. He is an expert musician, and once led to the piano is hard to dislodge even with the largest missiles. While John was in Canada with the Air Force, he was the first and only Australian to compere “Command Performance,” from C.F.A.C., Calgary, Alta.

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2MW Murwillumbah
'The Voice of the Far North Coast'

2MW, owned and operated by the Tweed Radio & Broadcasting Coy. Pty. Ltd., has come a long way since the pre-war days of 37, 38 and 39.

2MW listener card c1950

2MW Murwillumbah sent this card to a New Zealand listener around 1949 © Cleve Costello Collection, Radio Heritage Foundation

Owing allegiance to no network, 2MW takes pride in being an independent unit in one of the richest districts in Australia...

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3BA Ballarat
'The Voice of the Garden City'

Original 3BA Ballarat logo

The original 3BA Ballarat logo as seen on this letterhead detail from 1935 © Eric Shackle Collection, Radio Heritage Foundation

3BA BALLARAT ”Built on Gold”

Since commencing operations in July 1930, “The Voice of the Garden City” - 3BA Ballarat - has progressed in every phase of broadcasting. Itself a city of over 40,000 inhabitants and over 400 factories, Ballarat is Victoria’s most productive and thickly populated area outside Melbourne. 3BA services 19 per cent. of the population of Victoria other than Melbourne, and a district producing 29 per cent. of the State’s wealth in 8 main primary products...

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2KM Kempsey
'The Voice of the Macleay'

2KM QSL card 1944

2KM "The Macleay River Station' sent this card to a listener in 1944
© Keith Robinson Collection, Radio Heritage Foundation

This station is operated by Radio Kempsey Limited, Head Office, Hosking House, Hosking Place, Sydney. The Studio and Transmitter are at 61 Belgrave Street, Kempsey; Licensed and operating power, 500 watts; wavelength, 306 metres; Frequency 980 Kilocycles...

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VU2ZP Yank Radio... Bangalore: The Brochure

VU2ZP Brochure Page 1

This is the Army! On 20th January 1945, Colonel Melville C. Robinson, then commanding officer of Southern India Air Depot, conceived the idea of installing a radio station at this base. In the Army, thoughts - at least, the thoughts of a commanding officer - quickly lead to action. The wireless hummed with an exchange of messages while technicians and experts converged on Bangalore and planes transported equipment. Then, on the twenty-ninth of January, for the first time over the air were heard the words “This is Radio Station VU2ZP in Bangalore beginning its regular schedule of daily broadcast…” These words were spoken by Burt Urdank, the station’s first announcer, until that instant a motor pool dispatcher. And so was a radio station born. The initial staff consisted of three men: the base adjutant, Lt. Richard Gajewski ; Urdank ; and a former personnel clerk, Art Tracy. But like Topsy, the staff “just growed” until, in November, nine men were engaged in the turning of dials, repairing of equipment, writing of scripts, programming, newscasting, announcing - all dedicated to the improvement, of our precocious war baby...

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This is Station WLKT Miho

In 1946, British announcer Peter Knowlden introduced radio programs to British Commonwealth Occupation Forces at Miho Airfield in Japan with the words ‘This is Station WLKT Miho operating on 14-40 kilocycles and 2-oh-8 metres’ and played Eric Coates’ “London Again” suite as his nightly signature tune.

His audience included Royal Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force and Royal Indian Air Force personnel, and he broadcast from a mobile radio station that was originally built in Melbourne, Australia for the AAAS – Australian Army Amenities Service – and had been allocated the call sign 9AM.

WLKT mobile truck studio

WLKT broadcast from a mobile truck studio, like this one which later became the key AAAS station WLKS in Kure
© Argus Newspaper Collection of Photographs, State Library of Victoria

Peter says “I have no idea how that truck got to Miho, the roads were awful, but the railway line was excellent, so maybe it came that way.”

How did a British serviceman become the DJ on an Australian controlled radio station with an American call sign operating in Japan?...

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97FM Radio Warms Listeners at Scott Base, Ross Dependency

"97FM keeps us entertained at work and in the bar in the evenings" reports a winter staff member at the New Zealand Antarctic base writing on a recent blog for the UK Natural History Museum.

DJ Johnny 5 at 97FM Scott Base

DJ Johnny 5 at 97FM Scott Base
© UK Natural History Museum

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Early Chinese Radio in Peking


Melvin Bok was born in China in 1912 and lived in Peking.

Melvin developed an interest in radio from an early age. When he was only thirteen, he left school for a year to join a company run by an American in Peking named Warren E. Stimson. Stimson was an agent for the Kellogg Switchboard & Supply Company and also imported Crossly radios. Another role Stimson undertook was as a news agent listening to broadcasts in Morse code from the US using long-wave, there being no short-wave technology at the time. After the year was up, Melvin, who had by then learned Morse code, returned to school and started to make various ‘radio gadgets’, as he puts it, in his free time.

Kellogg Switchboard & Supply Company issued these original stock shares

Kellogg Switchboard & Supply Company issued these original stock shares

On completing his schooling in 1932, Melvin joined the AIU insurance group in Peking. Melvin admits that he was less than enthusiastic about working as an insurance agent but he at least developed some useful contacts. He continued to expand his knowledge of radios and, soon after joining the company, built his first short-wave transceiver and became an avid radio ‘ham’.

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Chinese Local Radio in the 1930s

The Orient opens its heart to radio and in the footsteps of the American listening public, succumbs to the appeal of native amateur hour artists.

by Robert H. Berkov

Miss PeLung, youthful star at radio station XHHS, Shanghai

Miss PeLung, youthful star at radio station XHHS, Shanghai. Although slow to accept radio as a popular pastime, China now is making rapid strides in that direction.

AGE-OLD China, shaking loose from centuries of tradition, has taken the radio to its heart, and loud speaker entertainment has become one of the most important influences in a nation which is fast adopting the modernism of the west in even the most outlying sections.

From bustling Shanghai and fast-growing Nanking near the eastern coast, to Chengtu in remote Szechuan province, from the far reaches of Hopei province in the north to Yunnan in the extreme southwest, countless receivers blare forth a cacophony of western and Chinese music, announcements, speeches. Out of the ether to hundreds of middle schools come the lessons and exhortations of mass-education broadcasts. In shops and homes are heard, in rapid succession, the traditional story-tellers of old Cathay and the swing music of American jazz bands from the swank hotels and cabarets of Shanghai. And once a month, to crowds reminiscent of World Series listeners in America come the stentorian voices of announcers reciting the lucky numbers of the National Lottery.

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3GL Geelong
The Geelong Advertiser Station

The Old Established 3GL

3GL is owned and operated by the Geelong Advertiser, Victoria’s oldest morning journal, founded by John Pascoe Faulkner in 1840.

3GL QSL card 1949

3GL issued this plain bold QSL to confirm reception in 1949 © Cleve Costello Collection, Radio Heritage Foundation

3GL commenced operations in November, 1931, being the second country station established in Victoria. It is now in its fifteenth year of operation. The power is 500 watts, its frequency 1350K.C. (222 metres). It gives continuous service - Monday to Saturday from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m., and on Sunday 8 a.m. to 10.15 p.m.

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2KA Katoomba
The Voice of the Mountains

Station 2KA first went on the air on September 7th, 1935 with studios and transmitter at Medlow Bath. Early in 1937 the studios were established in the main street of Katoomba.

The present transmitter with its giant twin steel towers, the tops of which are over 3,000 feet above sea level, was erected in 1938. The transmitter, which is capable of putting 2,000 watts into the aerial, was built for 2KA by Amalgamated Wireless. The station was granted an increase to its present aerial power of 1,000 watts in June, 1938, and since that time excellent response has been received from most parts of the State. Mail arrives regularly from listeners outside the 50 mile radius.

2KA listener confirmation 1944

2KA issued this listener confirmation in 1944 © Keith Robinson Collection, Radio Heritage Foundation

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2GF Grafton
The Voice of the Clarence


Station 2GF commenced operations on December 15th, 1937. It transmits on a Wave Length of 248 Metres (1210 K.C.’s). 2GF has made continual progress, and all of the best Shows are heard from this Station, either on Relay or Transcription. The Station takes a very active part in local affairs and renders many services to the community. It is situated in one of the wealthiest areas of the North Coast of New South Wales, and has become an integral part of the community life in Grafton and District.

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VU2ZS Misamari, Assam, India 1944

Misamari Air Force Base with airfield tower, 1944

Misamari Air Force Base with airfield tower, 1944 © Walt Newman at

Station VU2ZS Going Places - 3 Watts to 50

Sgt. Fishman of 1327 BU Hopes for All-India Coverage

1327 BU, ASSAM - A 50-watt transmitter can’t quite compare with NBC or CBS but it is definitely better than none.

Anyway, that’s the opinion of the founder and program director of radio station VU2ZS, Sgt. Lawrence J. Fishman, and his listeners. And, if ambition is any indication of the future, the present 20-mile radius of the station someday will grow to an India-wide coverage.

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VU2ZP Southern India Air Depot, Bangalore

VU2ZP Business Card

VU2ZP Bangalore staff used this business card in 1945 © Arthur J Tracy Collection


By SGT. CHARLES KELLOGG Roundup Assistant Editor

Late in the evening of December 9, a khaki-clad GI leaned close to a microphone in what had once been an unused warehouse on the giant Southern India Air Depot of the USAAF in Bangalore and said simply: “This is VU2ZP, your Armed Forces radio station, signing off the air for the last time.”

With those words there came to an end broadcasting activities which started on January 29, only nine days after Col. Melville C. Robinson, the commanding officer of Southern India Air Depot, made known to AFR the need for a radio station at the sprawling air base, located in the south central part of India.

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This is Radio Station VU2ZP in Bangalore

On JANUARY 20, 1945, Colonel Melville C. Robinson, then commanding officer of the Southern India Air Depot at Bangalore, conceived the idea of installing a radio station at that base. The wireless hummed with an exchange of messages while technicians and experts converged on Bangalore and planes transported equipment.

Then on January 29th, for the first time over the air were heard the words, “This is Radio Station VU2ZP in Bangalore beginning its regular schedule of daily broadcasts...”. These words were spoken by Burt Urdank, the station’s first announcer, until that instant a motor pool dispatcher. And so a radio station was born.

Tower of VU2ZP Bangalore

The broadcast tower of VU2ZP Bangalore, India
© Arthur J Tracy Collection

The initial staff consisted of three men: the base adjutant, Lt. Richard Gajewski; Urdank; and a former personnel clerk, Art Tracy. But like Topsy, the staff “just growed” until in November nine men were engaged in the turning of dials, repairing of equipment, writing of scripts, programming, newscast-ing announcing - all dedicated to the improvement of the precocious war baby.

 > read more

AFRS The India-Burma Network

Commercial Radio Plug Featured Even On Armed Forces Stations

By SGT. ART HEENAN Roundup Staff Writer

Radio executive and advertising agencies need have few worries that when the millions of overseas servicemen return home they will disgustedly turn off commercial plugs, with the comment that they have grown used to hearing the best of programs without having to listen to an announcer tell of the benefits of Nine Star Headache tablets.

At least that is the opinion of Theater Radio Officer Lt. Robert F. Black, who heads the India-Burma network of the U.S. Armed Forces Radio stations.

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AFRS 'Wings Over The Orient'
WOTO Bhamo, Burma

Armed Forces’ Radio Stations Bring American Programs To I-B

Doing Great Morale Job

Roundup Staff Article

BHAMO - Our G.I. radio stations in this Theater are doing an exceedingly professional job. In Delhi, Calcutta, Kandy, Bangalore, Ramgarh, Agra, Ledo, Shingbwiyang, Tezpur, Jorhat, Gaya, Chabua, Karachi, Myitkyina and Bhamo, American air waves are carrying American programs to American troops.

According to broadcasting experts with whom I have talked, at least three of these stations could prosper in the States as commercial enterprises on the basis of their entertainment value. One of them is our most forward station, WOTO, in the heart of North Burma.

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AFRS Along the Ledo Road



The great pulse of the Ledo Road has slowed down. The thousands of men and machines that manned the incredible supply line to China have gone. The pipeline is no more and the jungle is fast creeping in along the way that once swarmed with platoons, companies and battalions of Service Troops. Among the landmarks to disappear in the wake of departing men were the Armed Forces Radio Stations.

Part of the staff which once operated VU2ZN at Ledo

This is part of the staff which once operated VU2ZN at Ledo. Left to right are S/Sgt. George Gingell, Lt. L. M. George and T/3 Walter Flint, all three now at VU2ZY in New Delhi, and S/Sgt, Rob Spiros, now en route to the U.S

Since 1944, troops along the road had been provided with Stateside radio entertainment by a chain of broadcasting stations known as the India-Burma Network. Men in Chabua, Shinghwiyang, Myitkyina, Ledo and Bhamo were entertained from early morning until late night by the finest radio programs in the world.

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